1.6.1 Ethical Legal Cultural and Environmental Impact

Computer use in the UK is widespread and new technologies have brought many benefits to society. However, this technology has raised various ethical, legal, cultural and environmental concerns. It also highlighted important issues related to data protection. This unit explores the impact of digital technology on our lives from different angles. Environmental problems are those that negatively affect nature, such as the consumption of natural resources, contamination, electronic waste and its impact on the planet. Understanding the broader impact of IT technologies can encourage individuals and organizations to think about the consequences that can result from their actions. IT-related laws are needed to ensure that people stay on the right side of the law and act ethically. Ethical issues are about what society considers right and wrong. If a computer system allows users to do things that most people disagree with but don`t necessarily violate laws, it may mean that the practice is unethical.

The impact of IT on the environment is both positive and negative Questions about ethical, legal, cultural, environmental and data protection issues are often associated with high scores. To reach the top bracket, you should be able to identify more than just the “obvious” privacy issues that negatively impact an individual`s identity and right to lead a private life. Individuals may not want to be profiled or assumptions made about them without their consent. Individuals should have the right to see who is storing data about them, what that data is, to correct anything wrong and/or to have their data completely deleted. When reflecting on the problems that have arisen from the use of computer technologies, it is important to take into account the main stakeholders involved. A stakeholder is anyone affected by an organization`s actions, and this can include individuals, groups, manufacturers, or business owners. Environmental issues are about how we affect the natural world: When we look at the impact of computers and computer technology, there are some areas we should consider: Cultural issues are those that are supposed to have a negative impact on the beliefs, religions, ethnic groups, traditions, and practices of an individual/society. The Computer Misuse Act of 1990 is a law that criminalizes: This law can be used to track hackers who steal or alter data or alter the operation of a computer system.

The law also makes it possible to prosecute those who create and distribute malware. The law provides for a prison sentence and a fine. Depending on the crime committed, the fine may be unlimited and a prison sentence of up to 10 years may be imposed. Digital technology can mean computing devices you use, such as a laptop, mobile phone, or smartwatch, but it can also be larger systems such as video surveillance, online databases, social media, and even pandemic virus tracking apps. Earn CS points for every question you receive correctly when you`re logged in. Computing has massively changed every aspect of our society in recent decades. In many industries, jobs have been lost and, in some cases, have become completely obsolete. There are also many new industries that didn`t exist before computers, and the situation is constantly changing and evolving. When you purchase software, you are not buying the software itself or its code, but a license to use it under certain conditions.

Software code licenses fall into one of the 2 main categories. The legislation protects a number of possible works such as hardware design, software code, etc. Often it is necessary to judge whether it is a good balance that computers have helped in manufacturing, engineering, surgery, medicine, etc. A stakeholder is a person who may be directly or indirectly involved in a problem or problem. Most problems and problems will have many stakeholders, some may be obvious, others may be less obvious. With the increasing use of technology, laws have been created or updated to include crimes that can be committed on or from a computer. Proprietary software is software owned by an individual or company. To protect their product, they do not share the source code that makes up the software. The software code cannot be modified by anyone other than the person or company that owns the software code.

The software code contains conditions that indicate whether the software can be copied and published. Cultural issues concern how groups of people with certain beliefs, practices or languages may be affected, e.g. ethnic groups, religions, countries. Personal data is valuable and must be kept safe. Unfortunately, there are people who try to hack systems to access other people`s data. Social media accounts, phone mailboxes, and networks that computers connect to are all vulnerable to hacking. In general, however, technology needs electricity to function Legal issues revolve around what is actually right and wrong in the eyes of the law and the impact of digital technology on society at large, including: e-waste, workers` rights, child labour, pollution, wages, health care, mental health, operations, the Ensuring Public Safety Award is paramount. When new technologies are introduced, they raise security concerns. Open source software is software developed by an individual or community that has decided to share the code that makes up the software. The software code can be copied or edited by anyone without penalty. Ethical issues are about what society considers right and wrong.

For example, driverless cars could soon be on the roads in the UK. Designers of driverless cars had to ensure the safety not only of passengers, but also of other drivers and pedestrians. This is where ethics apply, as a situation may arise in which the vehicle software must decide who has priority when it comes to safety, passengers or other road users. There are four main legal acts that you need to understand. The Copyright, Designs and Patents Act is a law that defines what can be protected and owned by an individual, group of persons or company. The law allows a work to be protected by law and restricts the copying of the work without consent. If a work is copied without the consent of the owner, the law can be used to sue anyone who copied the work, delete unauthorized copies, and obtain financial compensation from the person(s) who copied the work without consent. (Don`t forget to check the date, bias and reliability of the source) Legal issues are those that are considered good or bad because of the legislation (the law). The Data Protection Act of 2018 defines the conditions that govern the processing of information on individuals. Some people may also use malware to get data.

Recently, a type of malware known as ransomware has been increasingly used. People who write ransomware do so to extort money from unsuspecting users. Once ransomware infects a computer, it encrypts the data it contains and denies users access unless a ransom is paid.

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